The informal term “big cat” is typically used to refer to any of the four largest (living) members of the entire Panthera genus. Among the five total species within the Panthera genus, these four are the only cats that are able to roar. In descending order of their maximum potential size, these four species are: tigers, lions, jaguars, and leopards, with the tiger (Panthera tigris) being the largest. A more liberal and expansive definition is sometimes used which may include the snow leopard, puma, clouded leopard, Sunda clouded leopard and/or cheetah, although these added species do not roar.
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A “critically endangered” species has experienced a loss in population of 80% or more over the past 10 years or the past three generations, whichever time period is longer. “Critically endangered” can also mean an 80% population reduction that is expected to take place in the next 10 years (or next three generations). A species can also be labeled “critically endangered” if it has become extremely fragmented (living in scattered locations or even a single location). Other criteria that is used when listing a species as critically endangered includes:
We are working to save big cats in the wild. With your help, we’ve supported them started from India. Big cats worldwide are under threat—for many populations, local extinctions are imminent. Lions, tigers, cheetahs, leopards, jaguars, and other top felines are victims of habitat loss and degradation as well as conflicts with humans. Losing these majestic predators would create a devastating impact on our ecosystem.
Big cat populations are declining worldwide due to habitat loss (deforestation), human conflict, loss of prey and poaching. Big cats, including tigers and leopards, are aggressively hunted for their pelts, organs and even bones. Some populations of large wild cat species have been reduced by 80% over the past 10 years.
- Provide Wild Life 80%
- Solutions 45%
- Rescue 95%
Together with Nat Geo WILD, the Big Cats Initiative is spreading the word about the decline of big cats in the wild through an award-winning awareness campaign called Cause an Uproar. With this effort, the public is encouraged to help save big cats through free education initiatives and big cats programming on Nat Geo WILD.NationalGeographic.org
The Wildlife Institute of India (WII) and the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), Government of India, have been conducting tiger estimation surveys in partnership with NGOs. NTCA in conducting the comprehensive country-wide tiger estimation exercise in 2010-11, which revealed a mean tiger population estimate of 1,706.
is a global campaign by World Wildlife Fund and Leonardo DiCaprio to build political, financial and public support to double the number of wild tigers by 2022, the next year of the tiger. Tigers are some of the most vital and beloved animals on Earth. With our partners at WWF, my Foundation has supported major efforts to double the number of tigers in the wild.